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Are There Different Types of Septic Systems?

Posted by ADB Septic on March 5, 2019

If you’re purchasing land and building a home in an area without access to a sewer, you’ll need to install a septic system. When installing a septic system, either for a new home or as a replacement for an old septic system, it’s important to be well-informed about your options. Did you know that there are several types of septic systems? Each one is well-suited to different landscapes, soil consistencies, weather conditions, and parts of the country. We’ve broken down the different types of septic systems to help you choose the right one for your property.

Standard Systems

Gravity System

Gravity systems are a common choice, and let gravity drain the effluent from the septic tank into a series of underground trenches. For this type of system, the drain field area must be below the elevation of the septic tank. When effluent goes into the tank, an equal amount leaves the tank through an outlet on the side. Therefore, an outlet filter should be installed to keep solids from leaving the tank. The effluent will then flow through a distribution box and then to multiple pipes.

Pressure Distribution System

A pressure distribution system is required when optimal soil depth is not available to treat the effluent. Two feet of properly drained soil is necessary under the trenches. The drain field will be the same size as a gravity system, but will include a different distribution of the effluent. A pump is used to pressurize the effluent into a small underground pvc pipe that will transport it to the drain field. Pressure distribution systems will wet the entire length of a trench each time a pump turns on, allowing the effluent to spread over a larger area and receive better treatment from the soil.

Advanced Treatment Systems

Sand Filter

A sand filter involves a pump that sends pressurized effluent from the septic tank into a large underground box that is full of sand and drain rock. The effluent will spread evenly over the surface of the sand. The dirty effluent filters through the sand and collects in a sump at the bottom of the box. The second pump will send the cleaner effluent to the drain field for final treatment before it is disbursed into the soil.

Sand Mounds

This type of septic systems is suited for shallower soils. The drain field consists of a mound that is raised above the natural soil surface and filled with sand fill material. Within the sand fill, there is a gravel bed with a network of pressurized pipes. The effluent is pumped through the pipes in controlled doses to ensure that the distribution is the same throughout the bed. The effluent is treated as it moved downward through the sand and directly into the soil beneath.

Textile Filter (AdvanTex)

AdvanTex is one of the higher quality treatment systems available. It’s similar to the sand filter, but uses a textile product instead of sand. The product is easily replaceable, meaning that you won’t need to dig up your whole yard if there is an issue. The effluent is constantly re-circulated to keep all biological processes working and ensure that it is being treated. One advantage to this system is that it leaves a much smaller footprint than a sand filter.

Glendon® Biofilters

This type of septic system is a good choice if your property is difficult to install a septic system in. Areas with seasonal groundwater or significant rock 12-18 inches below the surface are examples of properties that pose a difficulty to septic systems. This system is composed of different layers of sand and gravel that are placed in a watertight box in the soil. A sand fill is placed over the top of this area. The effluent is pumped into the buttom of the filter and is allowed to wick itself up through the sand and over the rim of the box into the soil. After the installation, grass can be planted over the mounds in order to improve the aesthetic.

Choosing a Septic System

There are several types of septic systems, and each one is suited to a different type of property. It’s important to take factors into account such as your landscaping, soil consistency, and part of the country you live in. However, when choosing a septic system, it’s extremely important to listen to the recommendation of your septic system installation company. Although background knowledge will help you make a more informed decision, don’t forget to trust the experts and use their input on which system will be best suited for you and your property.

 

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Topics: Septic Systems, Septic System Installation

New Year New Septic System: Is it Time for a Replacement?

Posted by ADB Septic on December 20, 2018

Septic system maintenance is essential to keep your home functioning properly. If you’re on a regular pumping schedule and take care of any problems as soon as they occur, you’re likely to avoid major problems with your septic system. However, every septic system has an expiration date, even with the best possible maintenance. If you’re noticing problems with your system and there seem to be no other causes, it might be time for a septic system replacement. If your septic system is fairly old and you think it might need to be replaced, look for these signs. 

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Topics: Septic System Maintenance, Septic System Replacement, Septic System Installation

What to Do After a Septic System Installation

Posted by ADB Septic on July 20, 2018

If you’re building a home in a town without a sewer system, one of the final steps will involve installing a septic system. Once your septic system is installed, your home will be ready to properly dispose of water and waste and treat wastewater to release into the ground. After your septic system is installed, you might be wondering what you should do next to keep your septic system in optimal condition. Here’s everything you need to know.

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Topics: Septic System Maintenance, Septic System Installation

How to Prepare for a Septic System Installation

Posted by ADB Septic on March 27, 2018

If you’ve recently built a new home, one of the final steps before moving in could be a septic system installation. If you’ve never had a septic system before, you’ll probably have a lot of questions about the installation process. Here are some of the things you can do to prepare for your septic system installation.

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Topics: Septic System Installation

What are the Steps of Septic System Installation?

Posted by ADB Septic on February 20, 2018

If you live in an area without a sewer system, you’ll need a septic system in your home. When building a house, the installation of a septic system will be an important step of the process. Before hiring a company to handle your septic system installation, it’s important to understand the full scope of the process. Read below for an outline of the process a septic services company will go through when installing a septic system.

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Topics: Septic System Installation, Septic System Installation Process

What are the Different Types of Septic Systems?

Posted by ADB Septic on August 10, 2017

Depending on the soil and layout of your property, there are different types of septic systems that will work for your home. When choosing a septic system, you must first decide if a standard or advanced system will suit your needs. Once you make that decision, there are many different types of septic systems, all designed to suit particular needs. Here is a list of all of the major types of septic systems you have to choose from.

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Topics: Septic Services, Septic System Installation, Septic System Types

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