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Septic vs. Sewer Systems: What’s the Difference?

Posted by ADB Septic on July 3, 2019

septic systemSeptic systems and sewer systems are both responsible for disposing of and treating waste and water that you produce in your home. Both methods do so effectively, carrying the water away from your home and treating it so that it can be released back into the environment as clean groundwater. Despite having the same goal, the two types of systems function very differently and are better suited to different types of households. Read below for a breakdown of the differences between septic and sewer systems to help you understand the best option for your home.


How They Work

Septic Systems

A septic system operates first when water and waste travel down your drains from sinks, bathtubs, toilets, and other drains down your plumbing. The pipes carry the waste and water down to your septic tank. The tank collects the solid waste as well as any oil and grease, while it releases all water into the drain field in your yard. The drain field filters and treats wastewater and releases it back into the ground as clean water.

Sewer Systems

Sewer systems operate similarly to septic systems in that waste and wastewater travel from your drains and through your plumbing to be disposed of. However, instead of an individual tank on your property, the waste and water will travel through your home’s pipes to progressively larger pipes throughout your town or city until they reach a wastewater treatment plant. Instead of treating wastewater just in your home, these plants are responsible for treating all of the wastewater in a designated area.

Home Maintenance

Septic Systems

If you own a home with a septic system, there are steps that you’ll need to take to maintain its functionality. The most important thing is to pump your tank regularly to empty the solids from the tank. You should also avoid flushing unapproved items, as septic tanks are only designed to break down waste and toilet paper and should not hold other objects. Conserving water in your home and diverting drains away from your drain field are also good steps to take, especially during times of the year with significant rainfall. Septic systems are far from fragile, but it’s important to keep up on maintenance to keep your system functioning properly.

Sewer Systems

One of the biggest differences between the maintenance involved with a septic system versus a sewer system is that there is no tank to be pumped. Because the sewage travels to municipal treatment plant, the responsibility is off of the homeowner. You should still avoid flushing unapproved items in your home, but you will not be directly affected unless a foreign item clogs your plumbing. Sewer systems require less maintenance than septic systems in general, but it’s still important to take care of your plumbing.

Pros and Cons

Septic Systems

The biggest reason to choose a septic system for your home is that you live in an area where there is no access to a sewer system. If you’re building a new home in a more remote area, it can be very expensive to connect to an existing sewer line. Septic systems require more maintenance than sewer systems, which can require extra effort and money. However, you can handle all repairs yourself, rather than dealing with a municipality. Overall, septic systems provide more control, but more maintenance and are a great option for homes without access to sewer systems.

Sewer Systems

The biggest advantage that sewer systems have over septic systems is that there is much less maintenance required. If you accidentally flush unapproved items, you are very unlikely to experience a problem firsthand unless it is big enough to clog your pipes. However, if there is a problem with your sewer line, it can be very difficult and costly to repair, and often involves getting your municipality involved. Additionally, poor treatment from others can end up impacting the same system you use. Sewer systems are much less maintenance on a day to day basis, but when problems arise, they can be much more difficult to solve.


ADB Septic | CT Septic and Sewer System Services

A.D.B. Construction & Septic Corp. is a septic services business in Manchester, CT. We proudly serve residential and commercial customers all over Hartford County and beyond with a full slate of services. With over 20 years of experience, we have completed countless projects of all scopes and sizes. Needless to say, there is nothing we can’t do when it comes to septic tanks, sewer systems, drains, and more.

Our business is committed to meeting your needs and completing your job with the utmost professionalism and precision. We put your satisfaction, safety, and comfort at the forefront of our priority list. When you hire us, you can achieve complete peace of mind.

Download our Checklist: How to Hire a Septic Services Company

Topics: Septic Systems, Sewer Systems

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